I was recently debugging a case where a customer’s installation was hanging due to a database lock. The issue turned out to be that the database was not set to a default transaction level of READ COMMITTED SNAPSHOT, which the product expects. Regardless, while troubleshooting the issue, I stumbled upon a very useful SQL query that I needed to save somewhere, so here goes.
The following query lists which SQL session is blocked by which other session:
SELECT db.name DBName, tl.request_session_id, wt.blocking_session_id, OBJECT_NAME(p.OBJECT_ID) BlockedObjectName, tl.resource_type, h1.TEXT AS RequestingText, h2.TEXT AS BlockingTest, tl.request_mode FROM sys.dm_tran_locks AS tl INNER JOIN sys.databases db ON db.database_id = tl.resource_database_id INNER JOIN sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks AS wt ON tl.lock_owner_address = wt.resource_address INNER JOIN sys.partitions AS p ON p.hobt_id = tl.resource_associated_entity_id INNER JOIN sys.dm_exec_connections ec1 ON ec1.session_id = tl.request_session_id INNER JOIN sys.dm_exec_connections ec2 ON ec2.session_id = wt.blocking_session_id CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(ec1.most_recent_sql_handle) AS h1 CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(ec2.most_recent_sql_handle) AS h2 ORDER BY tl.request_session_id GO
…and by following the tree (X blocked by Y, blocked by Z, etc..) one can see which session is responsible for the mess.
Other interesting queries:
|sp_who2||Shows sessions connected to the database, how much time they’ve spent, as well as several other stats|
|select cmd,* from sys.sysprocesses
where blocked > 0
|Shows currently blocked queries|